College (of a university)
FOIA Schedule 1 Part IV includes:
- 53 - (1) The governing body of—
- (b) a university receiving financial support under section 65 of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992,
- (e) any college, school, hall or other institution of a university which falls within paragraph (b).
- (2) In sub-paragraph (1)—
- (a) “governing body” is to be interpreted in accordance with subsection (1) of section 90 of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992 but without regard to subsection (2) of that section,
- (d) in paragraph (e) “college” includes any institution in the nature of a college.
The Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham have independent colleges. Other universities may use the term college in relation to a part of the university that is not a separate legal entity (for example the University of York(1)).
The question of what constitutes a college of a university is of some significance for VAT purposes, and in these cases, it is usually in the institution's interest to be found to be a college of a university:
- Customs and Excise Commissioners v School of Finance and Management (London) Ltd  STC 1690
- London College of Computing Ltd v HMRC  UKUT 404 (TCC)
The University's Statute G I, 1 declares:
- 1. The Colleges in the University are:
- Peterhouse, Clare College, Pembroke College, Gonville and Caius College, Trinity Hall, Corpus Christi College, King’s College, Queens’ College, St Catharine’s College, Jesus College, Christ’s College, St John’s College, Magdalene College, Trinity College, Emmanuel College, Sidney Sussex College, Downing College, Girton College, Newnham College, Selwyn College, Fitzwilliam College, Churchill College, Murray Edwards College, Darwin College, Wolfson College, Clare Hall, Robinson College, Lucy Cavendish College,, St Edmund’s College, Hughes Hall and Homerton College.
The Cambridge Theological Federation consists of a number of theological colleges in Cambridge. The University does not define them as Colleges, but the regulations for the B.Th. degree and for the Certificate in Theology for Ministry do require candidates to undertake a course of study at one of them. It is generally considered that the theological colleges are not close enough to the University to come within the scope of FOIA.[ Citation needed ]
In Durham University's statutes, Statute 14(1) states that several Colleges are maintained "as part of the University". These are probably not public authorities in their own right.
Statute 14(2) states that the Council:
- shall, subject to the provisions of these Statutes, continue to recognise as Colleges of the University, St Chad's College and St John's College and may recognise other Colleges in the County of Durham as recognised Colleges in the University. The Council shall have no property in or financial responsibility for the recognised Colleges;
Statute 14(3) states that the Council:
- shall, subject to the provisions of these Statutes, continue to recognise as Licensed Halls of Residence Ushaw College, and may recognise other Colleges in the County of Durham as Licensed Halls of Residence. The Council shall have no property in or financial responsibility for the Licensed Halls of Residence;
St Chad’s College has claimed not to be a public authority but more recently the University has stated that: Chad’s College is currently seeking clarity from the ICO.
The following are societies of the University:
- Green College [has merged with Templeton College]
- Kellogg College
- St Cross College
Permanent Private Halls
The University has granted each of the following institutions the status of Permanent Private Hall of the University:
- Blackfriars Hall
- Campion Hall
- Regent's Park College
- St Benet's Hall
- St Stephen's House
- Wycliffe Hall
The University of London has multiple colleges 
- Birkbeck College
- The Central School of Speech and Drama
- Courtauld Institute of Art
- Goldsmiths' College
- Heythrop College
- Institute of Education, University of London
- The Institute of Cancer Research: Royal Cancer Hospital
- King's College London
- London Business School
- The London School of Economics and Political Science
- London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
- Queen Mary and Westfield College
- Royal Academy of Music
- Royal Holloway and Bedford New College
- The Royal Veterinary College
- St George's Hospital Medical School
- The School of Oriental and African Studies
- The School of Pharmacy
- University College London
Central Academic Bodies
- The University of London International Academy (formerly ‘The External System’)
- The School of Advanced Study
- The University of London Institute in Paris
- The University of London Marine Biological Station Millport
Legal status not yet researched but website lists four colleges:
- Digby Stuart College (Roman Catholic) (Open Charities page)
- Leases land and buildings to the University since 2008 [2010/11 accounts, p5].
- Froebel College
- Southlands College (Methodist when founded 0(Open Charities page)
- Leases land and buildings to the University since 2010 [2009/10 accounts, p5].
- Whitelands College (Open Charities page)
- Still seems to actually run its college, though there are moves afoot to allow the University to take it over [2010/11 accounts, p6].